About MVD Health Plus
MVD HEALTH PLUS (For Diabetes and Health Care) is a centre where the patient and their attendants are made to feel like home. We provide all the comforts and conveniences which includes Nutritious Breakfast, comfortable seating arrangements, fully centralized Air Conditioner, Television and many more.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes or Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood sugar, either because insulin production is inadequate or because the body’s cell do not respond properly to insulin or both.
Symptoms of Diabetes:
The classical symptoms of diabetes are polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).
Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: In type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin. It usually develops before 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. Patient with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Type 2 Diabetes:
1.In type 2 diabetes the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function or the cells in the body do not react to insulin called insulin resistance.
2.Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes are type 2. Type 2 is typically a progressive disease. However, it can be controlled by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring blood glucose level.
3.Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes is diagnosis of high blood sugar in females during pregnancy. Their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells. Between 10% to 20% of them will need to take some kind of blood-glucose controlling medications. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complication during childbirth. The baby may be bigger than normal.
Risk factors of diabetes:
1. The risk factor for type 1 diabetes are:
Exposure to some viral infections
2. The risk factor for type 2 diabetes are:
Family history of diabetes
High blood pressure
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
History of gestational diabetes
Poor nutrition during pregnancy
3. Gestational diabetes risk: Pregnant women who are overweight have been diagnosed with IGT, or have a family history of diabetes are in increased risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes:
»A1 C >= 6.5 % The test should be performed in a laboratory using a method that is NGSP certified and standardized to the DCCT array.
»FPG>= 126 mg/dl (7.0 mmol/C) Fasting is defined as no caloric intake for at least 8 hours*
»2 h PG >= 200 mg (11.1 mmol) during OGTT. The test should be performed as described by the WHO, using a glucose load containing the equivalent of 75 g anhydrous glucose dissolved in water. *
In patient with classic symptoms of hyperglycemia crisis, a random plasma glucose >= 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/C)
In absence of unequivocal hyperglyceridemia results should be confirmed by repeat testing.
Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes:
100 g OGTT is fasting
Fasting : 95 mg/dl (5.3 mmol/l)
1 h: 180 mg/dl (10 mmol/l)
2 h: 155 mg/dl (8.6 mmol/l)
3 h: 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/l)
GDM is diagnosed if atleast two of the above following plasma glucose are exceeded.